Hong Kong has always played a special role between the two sides of the Taiwan Strait. When the civil war ended in 1949, two million Kuomintang soldiers and civilians withdrew to Taiwan. Since then, the two sides of the strait have been separated, and made military confrontation, political confrontation. During this long period of time, Hong Kong became a transfer station for many Taiwan people returning to the Mainland China. At the end of the 1970s, the cross-strait confrontation that had lasted for more than 30 years also ushered in an opportunity for a historical breakthrough.