Following the outbreak of the China Civil War in 1946, groups of soldiers of the Republic of China Armed Forces were sent to Fongshan in Kaohsiung, Taiwan for training. These soldiers and their dependents made use of the legacy from Japanese colonization as their temporary shelter in Taiwan and formed the very first military dependents' village. When Kuomintang was severely defeated in the battle in 1949, thousands of soldiers from Mainland China who followed the retreat to Taiwan were forced to build temporary houses with straw-laid roof and mud-consolidated bamboo wall for themselves and their dependents.
As the Second Taiwan Strait Crisis in 1958 had further reduced the chances of Kuomintang launching counterattack against Mainland China, provisional housing for the soldiers and dependents ended up becoming their permanent settlements in Taiwan. It was only after then that the properties were reconstructed with bricks and electricity. Subsequently, the marriage policies for these soldiers in Taiwan were relaxed. Most unmarried soldiers were encouraged to marry local Taiwanese women and settle down in Taiwan. As a result, their distinctive cultures and traditions from home had blended into local communities in Taiwan, breaking the border gap between dependents’ villages and the outside world.
From the relationship between Cross-Strait relations and the biggest mass migration in Taiwan modern history, as well as the development and adaptation of dependents’ villages in Taiwan, the programme thoroughly reveals the origin of dependents’ villages that has lasted for more than half a century.