一樣的月光 - 台灣眷村往事

Recollection of the Military Dependents' Villages in Taiwan
一樣的月光 - 台灣眷村往事

Recollection of the Military Dependents' Villages in Taiwan

中文 75' 高清 , 2016
Chinese 75’ HD, 2016
節目介紹 / Introduction
1946年國共內戰全面爆發,被調至台灣高雄鳳山訓練司令部受訓的國軍,以日軍遺留房舍作為他們和眷屬的臨時住所,設置了國府陸軍在台的第一個眷村。1949年國民黨在內戰節節敗退,將近一百萬名來自來自大江南北的國軍與眷屬撤守台灣,在營區周圍自行搭建竹籬笆房舍,開始眷村的大量興建。



1958年八二三炮戰確立兩岸分隔情勢,眷村也從短暫的棲身之地變成了一眾國軍被迫安家立命的居所。隨後,軍方把眷村從簡陋的稻草、竹泥牆房舍改為磚造,並具間隔與電路設備。而隨著國軍在台結婚限制的放寬,大多未婚國軍與台灣女性在台成家,逐漸把自成一格的家鄉文化習俗融入台灣社會,不僅打破那道隔絕眷村和外界的竹籬笆,更形成獨特的眷村文化。



節目回顧眷村超過半個世紀的歷史,從兩岸局勢如何影響這股台灣近代最大移民潮,到眷村和村戶在台的演變發展和落地生根,重訪一段牽動兩岸歷史情懷的台灣眷村往事。


Following the outbreak of the China Civil War in 1946, groups of soldiers of the Republic of China Armed Forces were sent to Fongshan in Kaohsiung, Taiwan for training. These soldiers and their dependents made use of the legacy from Japanese colonization as their temporary shelter in Taiwan and formed the very first military dependents' village. When Kuomintang was severely defeated in the battle in 1949, thousands of soldiers from Mainland China who followed the retreat to Taiwan were forced to build temporary houses with straw-laid roof and mud-consolidated bamboo wall for themselves and their dependents.



As the Second Taiwan Strait Crisis in 1958 had further reduced the chances of Kuomintang launching counterattack against Mainland China, provisional housing for the soldiers and dependents ended up becoming their permanent settlements in Taiwan. It was only after then that the properties were reconstructed with bricks and electricity. Subsequently, the marriage policies for these soldiers in Taiwan were relaxed. Most unmarried soldiers were encouraged to marry local Taiwanese women and settle down in Taiwan. As a result, their distinctive cultures and traditions from home had blended into local communities in Taiwan, breaking the border gap between dependents’ villages and the outside world.



From the relationship between Cross-Strait relations and the biggest mass migration in Taiwan modern history, as well as the development and adaptation of dependents’ villages in Taiwan, the programme thoroughly reveals the origin of dependents’ villages that has lasted for more than half a century.