山西王閻錫山 – 國軍將領生平紀事

The Life Journey of the General of Kuomintang - Yen Hsi-shan
山西王閻錫山 – 國軍將領生平紀事

The Life Journey of the General of Kuomintang - Yen Hsi-shan

中文 5 x 30' 高清 , 2013
Chinese 5 x 30' HD , 2013
節目介紹 / Introduction
閻錫山是中國近代史上的重要人物。他加入同盟會卻支持袁世凱稱帝;在抗日戰爭及國共內戰時期,他的一舉一動不但牽動政局,且引發爭議。從1911年擔任都督開始,閻錫山統治山西長達38年。我們將走進閻錫山的人生,透悉山西王的權謀運作,揭開他在人生最後階段無奈的抉擇與遺憾。





第一集


掌控山西近40年的閻錫山,隨父親經商失敗而棄商習武,21歲考上清朝公費留學日本,學成返家後仕途順遂,28歲成了山西都督,也是辛亥革命成功的關鍵人物。





第二集


閻錫山、馮玉祥發佈反蔣通電,4天後中原大戰全面展開。閻錫山另指派汪精衛召開國民黨中央黨部擴大會議,在北京成立國民政府擔任主席,但各集團軍之間存有矛盾,讓蔣介石有見縫插針的機會。





第三集


抗日戰爭爆發隨著日軍加速侵華,閻錫山的晉綏軍無力抵抗,只得退居臨汾,由薄一波領導的新軍快速發展,勢力直逼閻錫山的舊軍,為了鞏固勢力,閻錫山決定從黨務和軍系下手,以民族革命同志會和蔣介石及共產黨相抗衡。





第四集


1949年1月淮海戰役結束後,太原成為華北的孤島,面對解放軍的包圍,太原只能靠陳納德空運物資勉強支撐。隨著國民黨內鬥升高,閻錫山成了蔣介石和李宗人溝通的調解人。





第五集


閻錫山來台後,卸下行政院長的職務,帶著四十多名隨扈退隱山林,並仿造克難坡建築窯洞。原本認為還有機會回大陸的閻錫山,雄心佈局也因蔣介石的冷落而改變……





Yen Hsi-shan is one of the most controversial figures in modern Chinese history. He supported Yuan Shihai’s proclamation as king while assisting Sun Yat-sen in demolishing monarchy. Since his reign of being the Provincial Military Governor of Shanxi Province in 1911, his every decision was critical in the political situation during Anti-Japaneses War and Chinese Civil War. The programme discloses how Yen mastered his life by all the tactics and frustration at the last stage of life.





Ep. 1


Yen Hsi-shan was one of the key figures in achieving success of the Revolution of 1911. Choosing military study over business was a key decision for his life. At the age of 21, he won the monetary support from the Qing Dynasty to study in Japan. His intelligence in politics made him all the success and became a Provincial Military Governor at a young age.





Ep. 2


Yen Hsi-shan and Feng Yuxiang allied to initiate the Central Plains War to revolt against Chiang Kai-shek. The political situation at that time was getting intense. Yen Hsi-shan assigned Wang Ching-wei to call a meeting in order to gather more military forces and inaugurated as president in Beijing. However, the conflict between each military force was giving a chance for Chiang Kai-shek to counterattack.





Ep. 3


Triggered by the accelerated invasion of Japan, different military forces gathered to initiate Anti-Japanese War. Due to the further input of Japanese military force, Yen Hsi-shan’s force failed to defence and retreated to Linfen. Meanwhile, a new military force led by Bo Yibo from the Communist Party rose and soon as well equipped as Yen’s. To strengthen the military power, Yen formed a coalition to defend against Chiang Kai-shek and the Communist Party at the same time.





Ep. 4


After the end of Huaihai Campaign in January 1949, Taiyuan City was isolated and enveloped by the Chinese People's Liberation Army. The once prosperous Taiyuan could only rely on the airlift of food supply by Claire Lee Chennault. With the heated internal conflict between members of the Kuomintang, Yen Hsi-shan became the one who could bridge the gap between Chiang-Kai-shek and Li Zongren to maintain the stability of Kuomintang.





Ep. 5


Yen Hsi-shan retreated to Taiwan and resigned from the Premier of Kuomintang. He lived in the forest and built cave dwelling with his servants to fight against the tough weather in Taiwan. On the other hand, Yen’s hope of going back to the Mainland was withered by Chiang Kai-shek’ s antipathy towards him.