Following the defeat of the Republic of China Armed Forces in the Huai Hai Campaign in 1949, the Chinese Nationalist Party decided to move capital to Taiwan in December of the same year after losing the Chinese Civil War. Upon arrival in Taiwan, Chiang Kai-sek was determined to consolidate his regime and stabilize the then chaotic situation, hence appointing his son Chiang Ching-kuo to be the Director of the Political Warfare to the Ministry of Defense to put order in the society.
By putting to use the doctrines learned in Soviet Union and experiences gained in the "Gannan New Deal" revolution, Chiang Ching-kuo first made effort to reform the political warfare system and unite the intelligence units. Besides initiating training courses to integrate intelligence agents of different systems, he also established the Political Warfare College to train political commissars that are loyal and share the same ideologies. These political commissars were then placed into armed forces and different government departments to ensure Chiang Ching-kuo had absolute control of the situation. The China Youth Anti-Communist National Salvation Corps found by him is a youth organization aimed to equip youths with a sense of social justice and more importantly to instil obedience to leaders, subsequently obtaining the support towards the party from the new generation.
In order to strengthen the defence of Taiwan and realize the mission of launching counterattack against the Chinese Communist Party, Chiang Ching-kuo has not only tried to establish a good relationship with the United States, but he has also agreed to set up a intelligence mechanism with the Soviet Union and proposed to accept arm sales in exchange of Soviet Union's military aid. Through taking a look into the 20-year long political journey of Chiang Ching-kuo from his arrival in Taiwan in 1949 to the day he stepped down as Defense Minister in 1969, the programme studies the step by step development of his political war which he used to guard the remaining territory of his father and embark on his own road to presidency.