虎嘯之變 – 蔣經國在台政戰之路

Rise of the Tiger - The Political Warfare of Chiang Ching-kuo in Taiwan
虎嘯之變 – 蔣經國在台政戰之路

Rise of the Tiger - The Political Warfare of Chiang Ching-kuo in Taiwan

中文 80’高清,2015
Chinese 80' HD, 2015
節目介紹 / Introduction
1949年,國軍在淮海戰役節節敗退,12月國民政府行政院決議遷都台北,國民黨在國共戰爭全面失利。敗撤台灣的蔣介石自知痛失大陸江山,在台灣的首要之務就是在兵荒馬亂中鞏固政權和穩定局勢。嘗盡眾叛親離的蔣介石把重任委以兒子蔣經國,令其接下國防部總政治部主任一職,展開整肅工作,無論國軍派系,還是黎民百姓,都是肅清的對象。



蔣經國擁有蘇聯留學的歷練,以及贛南新政的改革經驗,自上場以來就致力整治政工制度和統一情報單位。蔣經國開辦石牌訓練班,整合不同體系的情報人員,也成立政工幹部學校,培養具中心思想和團結精神的政工人才。政工幹校畢業生被派入軍隊和國府各單位任職,利於蔣經國對國軍國府上下了若指掌。蔣經國一手創立的“中國青年反共救國團”, 不但引導青年追求社會正義的熱情與實踐,也灌輸他們對領袖毫無條件服從的觀念,藉此凝聚新一代向心力。



爲了加強台灣的防禦和實現有朝一日反攻大陸的願望,蔣經國曾與美國建立友好關係,其後更與蘇聯建立情報機制,提出軍售台灣換取蘇聯協助反攻大計。節目走進1949年國府抵台到1969年蔣經國卸任國防部長的歲月,解密蔣經國如何逐步執行他的政戰工作,為父親守住最後的堡壘和鋪平自己的接班之路。




Following the defeat of the Republic of China Armed Forces in the Huai Hai Campaign in 1949, the Chinese Nationalist Party decided to move capital to Taiwan in December of the same year after losing the Chinese Civil War. Upon arrival in Taiwan, Chiang Kai-sek was determined to consolidate his regime and stabilize the then chaotic situation, hence appointing his son Chiang Ching-kuo to be the Director of the Political Warfare to the Ministry of Defense to put order in the society.



By putting to use the doctrines learned in Soviet Union and experiences gained in the "Gannan New Deal" revolution, Chiang Ching-kuo first made effort to reform the political warfare system and unite the intelligence units. Besides initiating training courses to integrate intelligence agents of different systems, he also established the Political Warfare College to train political commissars that are loyal and share the same ideologies. These political commissars were then placed into armed forces and different government departments to ensure Chiang Ching-kuo had absolute control of the situation. The China Youth Anti-Communist National Salvation Corps found by him is a youth organization aimed to equip youths with a sense of social justice and more importantly to instil obedience to leaders, subsequently obtaining the support towards the party from the new generation.



In order to strengthen the defence of Taiwan and realize the mission of launching counterattack against the Chinese Communist Party, Chiang Ching-kuo has not only tried to establish a good relationship with the United States, but he has also agreed to set up a intelligence mechanism with the Soviet Union and proposed to accept arm sales in exchange of Soviet Union's military aid. Through taking a look into the 20-year long political journey of Chiang Ching-kuo from his arrival in Taiwan in 1949 to the day he stepped down as Defense Minister in 1969, the programme studies the step by step development of his political war which he used to guard the remaining territory of his father and embark on his own road to presidency.