金蟬之變 – 蔣經國在台變政之路

Transformation of the Golden Cicada - The Political Revolution of Chiang Ching-kuo in Taiwan
金蟬之變 – 蔣經國在台變政之路

Transformation of the Golden Cicada - The Political Revolution of Chiang Ching-kuo in Taiwan

中文 80’高清,2015
Chinese 80' HD, 2015
節目介紹 / Introduction
經歷了20多年排除異己的情治政戰之路後,蔣經國遇到了從政道路上的一大轉捩點 — 於1972年被推選為台灣行政院長。走上政治臺前的蔣經國爲了褪去“蔣介石兒子”和“情治頭子”的形象,大刀闊斧重新組閣,任內推動“革新保台”,以“本土化”作為施政核心,延續著威權政治之餘也注重社會民生改善。



此時掌握著台灣政治、經濟、軍事和情報命脈的蔣經國開啟了全新變政時代。他推行“十大革新”,對公務員的廉潔操守作出嚴格的規定。面對1973石油經濟危機,重視民生物價的他轉守為攻,提出“十大建設”5年計劃,為台灣躋身「亞洲四小龍」打下穩固基礎。1978年5月,蔣經國就任台灣第六任總統,除了必須面對台美關係告急所造成的危機,也得處理岌岌可危的兩岸關係發展。與此同時,相續發生的內憂外患也令他長期處於黨內鬥爭和黨外抗爭的風口浪尖上。



蔣經國在他人生最後的日子宣佈台灣解嚴,並開放老兵回鄉。他曾表明不讓蔣家的人接班,卻來不及完成接班人安排。作為權傾一時的領導人,蔣經國為何自認是歷史上最苦的人?節目完整梳理1972年起蔣經國驚濤駭浪的變政之路。




After more than 20 years of political warfare control in Taiwan, Chiang Ching-kuo was chosen as the 9th Premier of the Republic of China in 1972 —marking another milestone in his political career. In order to get rid of the stereotypical images of “Chiang Kai-shek’s son” and “head of intelligence”, he reorganized his cabinet once he assumed office. Although he continued to use authoritarian politics to govern, he promoted political revolution that values the localization of Taiwan and concerned the livelihood of the people.



Being the man who had controls over politics, economy, military and intelligence, Chiang Ching-kuo started a new revolutionary era to implement his political changes. He set rules to restrict the civil servants and prevent corruption. During the 1973 oil crisis, he introduced the “Ten Major Construction Projects” that provided a foundation for Taiwan’s rapid development and becoming the Four Asian Dragons.



Chiang Ching-kuo became to 6th President of the Republic of China in May of 1978. Apart from solving the Taiwan–United States relations which had worsened, he had to handle the critical Cross-Strait relations as well. Meanwhile, he was also constantly challenged by the internal strife of the Nationalist Party and external oppositions during his time in office.



Towards the end of his life, Chiang Ching-kuo lifted the martial law that had lasted for more than 38 years in Taiwan. He claimed not to let his family members to succeed the President position, but never made it to complete the succession arrangement before his death in 1988. He often described himself as the one who is leading the hardest life. Follow as the programme walks into the days of Chiang Ching-kuo penetrating political changes since 1972.
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