戎馬誠拙孫立人 - 國軍將領生平紀事

The Life Journey of the General of Kuomintang - Sun Li-jen
戎馬誠拙孫立人 - 國軍將領生平紀事

The Life Journey of the General of Kuomintang - Sun Li-jen

中文 5 x 30' 高清 , 2015
Chinese 5 x 30’ HD, 2015
節目介紹 / Introduction
孫立人赴美普渡大學學土木工程,畢業後又進入維吉尼亞軍校就讀,返國後進入國民黨新式國防軍,從基層做起。孫立人練兵極嚴,他所領導的新一軍,在對日抗戰的淞滬戰役,立下戰功,隨後他又率領緬甸遠征軍於1942年4月抵達緬甸,歷時兩年的第二次緬戰。孫立人的部隊不但救援英軍成功,並重創日軍,搶通公路。



1945年4月,孫立人升任陸軍副總司令官兼陸軍訓練司令官,並在南京成立陸軍訓練司令部,隨後選定台灣鳳山為新軍練兵基地,開始他一生最後一次練兵。11月,孫立人將陸訓部遷到南台灣鳳山,並調新一軍教導總隊第9期畢業學員入台作為示範部隊。1949年8月,孫立人升任台灣防衛總司令,制定實施台澎防衛計劃,構建全島防衛工事體系,整訓撤台的80萬國軍。但隨著中美關係變化,出身維吉尼亞軍校的孫立人,成了蔣介石的心頭大患,加上孫立人心高氣傲,招致牢獄之災。蔣介石以兵變案羅織入罪,孫立人成了階下囚,十年牢獄之災使他成了籠中鳥,出獄後形同軟禁,再無自由可言。



2015年是孫立人案60週年,攝製隊走訪孫立人故居,專訪他的家人、親友部屬和兩岸歷史學者,完整呈現這位常勝將軍從名將到囚犯的故事。




Upon completing his civil engineering studies in Purdue University in the United States, Sun Li-jen applied to the Virginia Military Institute to pursue a military career instead. He then returned to China and became a corporal in the National Revolutionary Army. In 1937, he led troops to fight the Japanese in the Battle of Shanghai. In 1942, the 113th Regiment led by him defeated numerous Japanese and successfully rescued the British at the Yenangyaung Rescue Mission took place in Burma.



Sun was promoted to a command post in Nanjing in 1945, as the deputy commander-in-chief of the Army and commanding General of the Army Training Command. He then established headquarters and organized training program for the New Army in Fongshan, Taiwan. After he became the commander of the Taiwan Defense Command in 1949, he put effort in planning and executing the defense plan of Penghu and Taiwan, as well as consolidating the army forces that evacuated to Taiwan.



However, Sun who was well respected by the Americans and graduated from the Virginia Military Institute earned the enmity of Chiang Kai-shek followed by the change of the China–United States relations. Sun was put under house arrest in 1955 for more than three decades. He was not released until March 20, 1988, shortly after the death of Chiang Ching-kuo.



With 2015 marking the 60th year since Sun Li-jen was arrested, the programme intensively presents the story of this general turned prisoner through revisiting his old residence and interviewing his family and friends, subordinates as well as  historians from Taiwan and China.