During the late stage of the Chinese Civil War in 1949, the army of the Kuomintang had been losing ground steadily in the battle against the Communists. Owing to the fact that the Communists had not formed its own navy, Chiang Kai-shek planned to rely on the navy of Kuomintang to bounce back. However, there were frequent occurrences of the Kuomintang’s naval ships surrendering to the Communists from February to December that year. “Chung King Cruiser” and “Chang Zhi Cruiser” were the most significant ones among the naval ships that turned their coats.
“Chung King Cruiser” was China’s biggest cruiser of that time fitted with the most advanced equipment and weapons. Its crew consisted of over 600 elite youths that were sent to England for a 2-year training by the Kuomintang before returning to fight the People’s Liberation Army in Northeast China. Nonetheless, led by 27 soldiers among them, the entire crew sailed to Port of Yantai to join the Communists. Chiang Kai-shek who was severely humiliated by the defection ordered to bomb the cruiser and eventually sank it. Half a year later, “Chang Zhi Cruiser” also surrendered to the Communists followed by a bloodshed that killed all 11 soldiers on the ship.
Not only had these two incidents of the naval ships turning their coats reflected the battle between the two parties by using military intelligence, they also allowed the Communists’ People’s Liberation Army which originally do not have a navy to complete its navy formation with the defected crews. Moreover, the incidents also showed Chiang Kai-shek’s lack of control towards the navy under his ruling, causing a “white terror” inside the navy subsequently. The programme reveals the untold facts behind the defection of Kuomintang’s naval ships as well as the ties between Chiang Kai-shek and the People's Liberation Army Navy.